One in three American workers is chronically overworked, with job-related stress varying significantly by age, employment situation and...

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NEW YORK — One in three American workers is chronically overworked, with job-related stress varying significantly by age, employment situation and demands at home, according to a new survey.

The survey by the Families and Work Institute largely echoes one done by the group in 2001 that also found that a third of employees are highly overworked.

But that static result obscures changes in the workplace, where some workers are more stressed even as others are finding ways to balance the demands.

More than half of the 1,003 workers surveyed said they are often handling too many tasks at the same time, or are frequently interrupted at work or both.

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Employees at companies that had gone through layoffs were more likely to be overworked — 42 percent compared to the 27 percent of those at companies where payrolls remained steady. More than a third of workers said they are not taking their full allotment of vacation time.

About 37 percent of baby boomers, those between 40 and 59 years old, report being chronically overworked. But just 28 percent of Generation Y workers and 29 percent of Generation X workers fall into that category. Generation Yers are ages 18 to 25, while Generation X workers are 26 to 39 years old.

The numbers reflects the fact that, unlike many boomers, younger workers often divide their focus between jobs and life outside work, said Ellen Galinsky, the president of the institute.