The range of titles in the career-counseling field can be confusing. Here are some definitions: Career counselor: A trained professional...

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The range of titles in the career-counseling field can be confusing.


Here are some definitions:


Career counselor: A trained professional with specialized skills who helps people make and carry out decisions and plans related to career/life issues.


Career counselors may be certified by the National Board for Certified Counselors.


Career paraprofessional: Typically employed in a company’s human-resources department to provide career information and resources.


Career consultant: Consults about one or more selected occupations and/or industries.


May have expertise or unique information about career entry or organizational culture.


Career coach: Likely to specialize in motivating for job searches or strategizing career transitions.


Executive marketer: Helps clients market themselves to employers.


A flat fee is paid by the client.


Executive recruiter (headhunter): Assists companies in finding and hiring the right professionals.


Fee is paid by the company.


Headhunters typically target specific people based on the employer’s request.