Other items: New chips will process data in 63-bit chunks; $100 million budgeted for Linux support; and others.

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Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn have won the prestigious Turing Award for inventing the basic communications protocols that allow millions of Internet users around the world to send e-mail, listen to music online and flash instant messages.

Cerf and Kahn share the $100,000 prize for developing TCP/IP. The networking design is so simple that computers in diverse environments can talk seamlessly with one another. That simplicity also allows other innovators to create complex applications, such as the World Wide Web and video conferencing on top of it.

The award is given by the Association for Computing Machinery, one of the leading organizations for computing professionals.

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Intel

New chips will process data in 63-bit chunks

Intel has begun selling versions of its flagship Pentium processor capable of running software that processes data in chunks twice as large as those used in today’s personal computers.

The company, whose microprocessors are the main engines in more than 80 percent of the world’s PCs, said it is selling the chips for as much as $999.

Companies such as Microsoft are developing programs that process data in 64-bit chunks. That lets programs manipulate data faster than existing 32-bit software and requires 64-bit-capable chips.

As consumers use PCs more for audio and video entertainment, 64-bit software and hardware will keep their machines running quickly.

Intel, competitor Advanced Micro Devices and Microsoft want to speed the introduction of the new technology so that consumers and companies will continue to trade in older PCs.

Intel last year began selling a 64-bit version of its Xeon chip used in server computers that run corporate networks.


IBM

$100 million budgeted for Linux support

IBM, the world’s largest computer company, plans to invest $100 million over three years to expand Linux support and technology.

The expanded support for Linux will help customers increase their use of the computer-operating system, which some companies say is less expensive than competing systems, Armonk, N.Y.-based IBM said in a Business Wire statement.


Internet

China closed 12,000 cafes in ’04

China says it closed more than 12,000 Internet cafes last fall, according to an announcement from the official Xinhua news agency. The cafes were shuttered because they were illegally allowing children access to explicit content and violent games, the government said. Many of the cafes were near elementary and middle schools.


Napster

Firm denies flaws in copy protection

Less than three weeks after Napster began touting its all-you-can-rent music-subscription service, the company disputed Internet claims that its copy-protection measures are flawed.

The company posted a message last week, saying the service’s digital-music tracks are no more susceptible to unauthorized copying than any other licensed music service.

The statement came after word surfaced on the Internet about how subscribers of Napster To Go, which lets users play an unlimited number of tracks on their computer or on certain portable devices for about $15 a month, could make permanent copies of the songs.

Compiled from The Associated Press, Bloomberg News and Knight Ridder/Tribune Information Services