A growing number of the 18 million Americans living in the nation's 50,000 mobile-home parks are banding together with neighbors to buy the land they rent in an effort to avoid getting priced out of their community.
NORTH ATTLEBORO, Mass. —
In the year 2000, Charles and Alice Sadoski sold their small ranch house, bought a three-bedroom trailer and moved down the road to the Wamsutta Mobile Home Village, an 86-unit property right behind Wally’s Auto Mall.
Charles Sadoski was ailing and could not keep up the ranch house anymore, but “he wanted a place that if something happened to him, I would be safe,” Alice Sadoski explained. “Here, I’m not too far from the bank, and [the drugstore] is up the street.”
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Charles Sadoski died last year, at 72, and Alice Sadoski, 66, seems to be living the tranquil and secure life her husband sought for her.
A retired child-care worker, she spends her days doing volunteer work — making more than 200 colorful “cover-ups,” or giant bibs, for a nearby adult day-care center, for example.
Sometimes she knits in the dark-green recliner in her living room; other times she sews at a small desk under a window in her kitchen, where she keeps rows of spooled thread, a sewing machine and a tomato-shaped pin cushion.
But despite her peaceful life, Alice Sadoski has one looming worry.
“It scares the daylights out of me that some big corporation is going to come in and raise the rent until I can’t pay for it anymore,” she said as she folded a just-completed blue-plaid cover-up. “I’m on a very limited income, and I don’t know where else I would go.”
It is not the mobile home that Sadoski rents; she and her husband bought the trailer, vintage 1962, for $29,900.
But, like 25 percent of the roughly 18 million Americans living in one of the nation’s 50,000 mobile-home parks, she rents the underlying land and is thus as vulnerable as any tenant to rent increases or even eviction, if a landlord sells to a developer with other plans for the property.
Many of these residences, also called manufactured homes, are fairly large, and to move them might cost several thousand dollars.
To avoid these risks, Sadoski and her neighbors set out in 2009 to create a cooperative and purchase the park’s land themselves.
After a rival buyer bowed out and after a price drop by the park owner, the residents are now nearing success. They have secured a mortgage and are scheduled to close the deal in May.
Such purchases are not new. In a few states where property values have historically been high, like California and Florida, mobile-home residents began to form for-profit cooperatives in the 1960s.
In New Hampshire in the mid-1980s, a nonprofit model emerged that aims to keep shares inexpensive enough so every resident could join and to reinvest any profits in the property. That model soon spread to Massachusetts, New York and Rhode Island.
But now the movement is expanding. Since 2004, Connecticut, Maine, Minnesota, Montana, Texas and Wisconsin have all welcomed their first nonprofit mobile-home cooperative, and the number of cooperatives has grown as well in the states of Washington, Delaware and Oregon.
The recent real-estate boom has fueled this surge.
“Manufactured-housing communities were routinely being closed down, due to change of use, in the real-estate run-up in the mid-2000s,” said Paul Bradley, president of ROC USA, a nonprofit group that provides assistance to these residents.
“That led to a lot of front-page stories that rattled both homeowners and advocates.”
Also, legislators have lent these buy-minded residents a hand.
Since 2005, the states of Washington, Oregon, Montana and North Carolina have set up tax breaks and other incentives for landowners who sell parks to a residents association or other qualified group. (Vermont, the only other state with such a law, passed its in 1998).
Those measures join similarly supportive laws in 12 other states, including new ones in Delaware and New York, that, among other things, require owners of mobile-home parks to notify residents of any impending sale or give them a right of first refusal.
Last August George Everett, 64, the former owner of the Green Acres Park in Kalispell, Mont., became the first property owner to sell his mobile-home park to its occupants under that state’s new law.
“I hated to see them have to get up and leave if somebody bought the property,” said Everett, who received a capital-gains tax break for selling to the residents.
John Sinrud, president of the Green Acres residents group, hopes the sale of the 32-unit park — which sits deep in the Rockies and is surrounded by mountains on three sides — will make the homeowners’ future more secure.
“We have several individuals that are living paycheck to paycheck,” he said. “Our board’s goal is to keep costs as low as possible.”
Bradley said: “The real big win, in terms of the homeowners, is that that cooperative removes the property from the speculative real-estate market. No third party is going to profit off of the land in the short term.”
But this arrangement may not be for everyone.
“Unless residents decide to hire somebody for on-site management, they are left to do it themselves,” said Thayer Long, executive vice president of the Manufactured Housing Institute, a trade group.
“That can be a challenge,” Long said. “A lot of folks don’t have the experience doing that or just don’t want to do it. A lot of residents just want to live in a community, pay rent and have everything taken care of for them.”
In Unadilla, N.Y., a town of 5,000, the residents of Meadow Valley Manufactured Home Park are confronting these challenges firsthand.
The occupants of that 54-unit park bought it at a foreclosure auction in October, and now, said Pat Scheidegger, the secretary of the residents’ association, “There’s all these laws we’ve had to find out about. We’re finding new vendors and finding new things that have to be fixed.”
Scheidegger, a divorced mother of four, sold her home and moved to Meadow Valley in 1992, after her youngest child graduated from high school.
“I just decided that since I was by myself I didn’t need anything that big,” she said.
So she bought a new, three-bedroom, two-bathroom manufactured home for $23,000 and selected a lot on top of the small hill that splits the park into two levels.
“I just love it,” she said. “I have a terrific view. And I don’t have to look at another house out my back door. I can just see for miles and miles and miles.”
There are thickets of trees on Scheidegger’s horizon, and in the winter a never-ending snowfield that unfolds almost to the alpaca farms that are scattered about the local hills.
“Nothing goes on here,” said Scheidegger, but she likes it that way, she said.
During the day, she quilts or makes hook rugs, or does word-search puzzles in one of the books she receives monthly — a Christmas gift from her dad and sister.
Occasionally, she goes to dinner with some fellow residents, often to a nearby restaurant called The Cream of the Crop at the Barn. The featured dish at the Friday night fish fry, she said, “is such a big piece of fish that it sticks out on both sides of the plate.”
This quiet country life has its downsides for the residents, but owning the land has helped on that score already.
“For six years there was an abandoned home, just sitting here, full of rats,” Scheidegger said. “The neighbors on both sides complained to the park manager, and he always said that they were waiting for the courts, waiting for the courts. After we bought the park, we just gave it away to get it out of here. And now we’re going to try and rent that lot because that’s our only empty lot in the whole park.”
Scheidegger also values the park’s growing sense of community. One resident’s son “goes around the park on his four-wheeler if there’s a lot of snow and just plows anyone who hasn’t been plowed out,” she said, adding, “He doesn’t even want money.”
As for Sadoski back in Wamsutta, she eagerly anticipates another fruit of residential ownership: peace of mind.
“Having a corporation would be out of my comfort zone,” she said. “I feel like if the residents get the park, then I will be OK. I’m comfortable with these people. They’ve been my neighbors a long time.”