The Bush administration is being temporarily barred from imposing new limits on imported clothing and textile products flowing into the United States from China. The action by a...

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WASHINGTON — The Bush administration is being temporarily barred from imposing new limits on imported clothing and textile products flowing into the United States from China.

The action by a federal court in New York comes as U.S. textile makers brace for an even greater surge of Chinese apparel imports when decades-old, worldwide quotas expire today.

U.S. textile and clothing manufacturers, worried about more competition coming from China, are seeking protections from the administration to limit Chinese imports. Industry officials decried the action, saying it could further hurt beleaguered U.S. factory jobs.

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Importers of Chinese goods and the retailers that buy apparel and textiles made in China hailed the judge’s decision.

Judge Richard Goldberg of the U.S. Court of International Trade in New York on Thursday issued a preliminary injunction that temporarily bars the administration from considering petitions seeking restrictions on imports of clothing and textiles from China.

The U.S. Association of Importers of Textiles and Apparel, whose members include J.C. Penney, Liz Claiborne and other retailers, sought the injunction. The Bush administration opposed the group’s request.

The issue of trade with China has been politically touchy for the administration. Democrats have accused President Bush of not doing enough to protect U.S. workers from unfair foreign competition.

The U.S. trade deficit with China clocked a record $16.8 billion in October as imports flowing from the country posted all-time highs.

The administration has been pressing China to let its currency, the yuan, be set in open markets. U.S. manufacturers claim Beijing’s currency policies give Chinese companies a big competitive advantage over U.S. companies.

Petitions seeking limits on Chinese textile and apparel imports are permissible under a special provision of the agreement China signed to gain entry into the World Trade Organization in late 2001. The United States can impose temporary restrictions on such imports from China if those products are threatening market disruptions.

The petitions seeking to restrict Chinese imports are reviewed by the Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements, or CITA, an interagency group composed of officials of the departments of Commerce, State, Labor, Treasury and the office U.S. Trade Representative Robert Zoellick.

The U.S. Trade Representative’s office declined to comment on the judge’s decision. Messages seeking comment were left for other defendants in the case.

Since October, the interagency group has accepted for consideration 12 requests for safeguards that allege the threat of market disruption by Chinese textile imports, according to court documents. The group hasn’t acted on those requests, the court papers said.

The plaintiff in the case, the U.S. Association of Importers of Textiles and Apparel, contended that panel’s mere acceptance of these requests has thrown a wrench in some companies’ 2005 business plans. Some canceled orders in China and scrambled to find factories elsewhere, according to court documents.

Goldberg wrote that the plaintiff “raised sufficiently serious and difficult questions” to warrant a preliminary injunction.